Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Stokely Carmichael by Williamson

Stokely Carmichael was born june 29 1941 in Trinidad. Stokely came to became a prominent member of the SNCC and would later rise to lead the organization to fight for civil rights. Stokely would become Honorary Prime Minister of the militant Black Panther party. Carmichael's journey into the civil rights movement lead him to work with Dr. King himself but would grew towards the militant movement after repeated humiliation and police brutality. Carmichael's impact towards the militant Black Panther party would lead him to coin the black power phrase and increased anti sentiment towards all white people. Stokely is to remembered as a prominent advocate of Civil Rights & Militant movement.

SCLC- Jake

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was established in 1957 following the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Martin Luther King, Jr. served as the first president of the organization. The purpose of this organization is to fight for the rights of people who are discriminated against and not being treated as God intended them to be. The difference between SCLC from SNCC and NAACP, is that they sought out affiliates and not individual members. The SCLC believed they should continue with non-violent acts like those of other organizations.

One of the first events they did as an organization was a conference in Atlanta at Ebenezer Baptist Church. Dr. King invited about 60 black ministers to attend. They also organized the Crusade for Citizenship in which 115 black leaders went around educating black voters that its there time to vote for the change. SCLC also played a major role in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, this is when Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013


 The National Association for the Advancement of the Colored People was founded in February 12, 1909. the organization was created after a race riot in Springfield, Illinois 1908. it was founded by W. E. B. Du Bois, , Ida Wells-Barnett, Henry Moscowitz, Oswald Garrison Villiard and William English  Walling.They believed that this organization would help the blacks and take them to another level.The way it was actually started was a white female name  Mary White Ovington was reading an article written by William English Walling and the article was about what happened in Illinois, so she shared with the rest of the them and they have decided to create this organization.After all these situations they sent out a letter "call" to everyone that thought this organization would be helpful for the black people.The NAACP is the nation's oldest, largest and most widely recognized grassroots-based civil rights organization.

I believe the most important ideas were how they agree into this idea even though they was not sure it would work. All the founders were white except W. E. B. Du Bois who was black. It was a hard decision to make because they never knew what they would face and how it was going to work out . the most important decision is how they all worked together since they got different cultures and backgrounds. the value of this subject is the NAACP is the nation's oldest, largest and most widely recognized grassroots-based civil rights organization. They all made the right decision and that's why their names are remember today.

Mahmood: Malcolm X

Malcolm X
Malcolm X was an American Civil rights movement leader. He was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, – and was assassinated on February 21, 1965 at the age of 39 in New York City, New York. As a child Malcolm was a good student and had the intention of becoming a lawyer, but when his teacher told he can't because of his race he lost interest in school and dropped out instead. Malcolm’s father was a Baptist at a charge and belonged to a black organization. His father faced a lot of threats from white supremacist which caused him to move out from their home twice. Malcolm joined the Nation of Islam influenced by Elijah Mohamed. After visiting the holy place for Muslims Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Malcolm turns a Sunni Muslim and disobeys the teachings of Elijah Mohamed which caused his assassination. Malcolm was one of the leaders of the Nation Of Islam.
Malcolm x strategy was to obtain freedom with violence unlike Dr. King. One of his quotes that could be and evidence for this is, “be respectful, be courteous, obey the law, respect everyone, but if anyone puts his hand on you send him to the cemetery.” Malcolm was against nonviolence therefor he criticized it. The other major thing is that Malcolm first believed that all white people are evils no exceptions until he goes to Mecca and sees black and white Muslims all under one religion Islam worshipping together, eating from the same plate , Malcolm became a true Muslim and accepted a


Brandon Brown: RFK

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy was probably best known, during his lifetime, for being the Attorney General for his brother, John F. Kennedy, and for Lyndon B. Johnson, and for his run as the Democratic presidential nominee in 1968. He was unusual because he reached out to many different people including the poor, blacks, the working class and the migrant worker. These people were mainly ignored by politics at the time, so by reaching out to them, he surprised many people. He was a notable figure in the civil rights movement, and was very important in compromising for the Freedom Riders' safety. After John F. Kennedy was assassinated, Bobby resigned as Attorney General, and would later successfully run for a Senate seat from the state of New York. In 1968, Bobby ran for the Democratic presidential nomination, and after a key victory in California, he was shot by Sirhan Sirhan, and after 26 hours, he passed away.

One thing that I found interesting was that he didn't really get along with many prominent names, such as J. Edgar Hoover, Lyndon B. Johnson, and at times Martin Luther King Jr. J. Edgar Hoover was difficult to work with as he didn't like the idea of racial integration ( Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson were known to not get along, and after only 9 months of being Attorney General for Johnson, he resigned and decided to run for the Senate. As far as Kennedy and Dr. King, Kennedy would often give permission for the FBI to wiretap Dr. King's phones, as the FBI thought that King's closest allies were communists (, and once King angrily berated Kennedy for having a The First Baptist Church in Montgomery secured by the National Guard and U.S. Marshalls(, although he would later go on to thank him for that.

Another thing that surprised me was that Kennedy's ultimate goal was to end the nonviolent protests. It was surprising to me because Kennedy was an avid civil rights supporter, and ending the protests seemed odd. However, the main reason why he wanted to end these protests was because it often incited riots and it would embarrass the United States. In fact, he was content with jailing the Freedom Riders for the sole reason of keeping them out of harms way. He preferred that the movement would focus more on voting issues instead of causing violence.

C.T. Vivian by Lou Bournique

C.T. Vivian was one of the key players in the civil rights movement. In 1959 he met James Lawson who at the time was teaching other students how to have non violent protests such as sit ins.  In1961 He joined the SCLC and participated in the the first of the freedom rides to Mississippi.  He was One of MLK's Lieutenants and helped Diane Nash pressure Mayor west in admitting that racial discrimination was morally wrong.  In 1970 he wrote the book Black Power and The American Myth which was the first book written about the civil rights movement. It was written by a member of MLK's Administration.

 One thing that i found to be interesting is that after the civil rights movement ended he continued to lead many civil rights organizations.  Including The Anti-Klan Network, The Center of Democratic Renewal, and Black Strategies and Information Center (BASICS).  This shows that even after a great battle had been won he still stayed true to his cause.

Mitch Marotti research on Ku Klux Klan

A relevant photo

The Ku Klux Klan started in 1886. This group was all created by a court case in the decision on the school court case Brown vs. Board of Education.  The group struggled the opposition of blacks, and Jews. All of the members of this clan must be 100 percent white. Their purpose of this clan was to re-nite and to defend the white race from other races in America found during this time of period. another of there goal was to kept other people acts of violence to focused on African Americans and Jews. They also hurt a lot of people and this resulted in violence. There was a lot of people focused in this group only whites.

Two specific details that I found from some research were very interesting.  One of the interesting things of reasearch that I found where that the Ku Klux Klan is still around today in very small groups not large groups. Another interesting fact that I found was that you have to be all white to be in this group. There can both be men and women in this group. The value that this subject has is that many people were killed or hurt form what they believe in. My parents taught me to stand up for what you believe in and this is what they did.

A picture of the Ku Klux Klan
A Link that I found the best source to the subject that I found

Diane Nash- Amanda Gooden

By 1961, Diane Nash had emerged as one of the most respected student leaders of the sit-in movement in Nashville, TN. Diane Nash was a leader and strategist of the student wing of the 1960's Movement. A historian described her as: "…bright, focused, utterly fearless, with an unerring instinct for the correct tactical move at each increment of the crisis; as a leader, her instincts had been flawless, and she was the kind of person who pushed those around her to be at their best, or be gone from the movement." Diane's campaigns were among the most successful in her era. Nash's efforts included the first successful civil rights campaign to de-segregate lunch counters, the Freedom Riders, who unify interstate travel, and founding the SNCC.

Nash was not part of the originally group of Freedom Riders, but she knew that in the event that they needed assistance, she and others would be willing to help and join in. Diane spoke about how the original group was beaten and one of the buses was burned. Despite the violence against the Freedom Riders, she and others decided to take action and organize another bus ride. Kennedy Administration tried to get them to stop what they were doing. Diane said that the legacy of the efforts from SNCC and the Freedom Riders are relevant for today. In order to apply the historical tactics and strategies to today, "we need to have a better understanding of what actually happened" said Diane.

Ben West- Emily Peirano

Raphael Benjamin West
Mayor of Nashville, TN

Raphael Benjamin West was born on March 31, 1911. He was from Columbia, Tennessee. He worked his way through school and attend both Cumberland Law School and Vanderbilt University. He is a member of the Democratic party. Ben West Was a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives. Also Ben West was a Senator of Tennessee. During his time in office be incorporated a new type of legislative. This legislative was a single member district election. West had gained a following by the African American Community in Nashville. He became mayor of Nashville in 1951.  Along with him the first two African American councilmen in 40 years was elected. He also was in support of the voting reform. Ben West during his role as mayor had to encounter the great challenge of the Civil Rights Movement. 

March to Nashville City Hall
When Ben West first received wind that sit-ins were forming he was outraged. The sit-ins were making a statement but also hurting the downtowns business. Many steered clear of downtown because of the movement and violence that was outbreaking. A turing point for Ben West was when a attorney who had defending the students of the nonviolent sit-ins and the movements home was destroyed. The same day as the attorneys house being destroyed student activists held a march to city hall. There were 2,500 students in this march including a student leader Diane Nash. This was a turing point in the Civil Rights Movement. Diane Nash questioned Ben Wests standing on segregation. She asked, "the mayor if he felt it was wrong to discriminate against a person based solely on their race or skin color." (Thorpe, website) Ben West did believe it was wrong to discriminate a person on their race. He also believed that the lunch counters should be desegregated. Something astonishing that took place after this unforgettable statement was, within three weeks lunch counters voluntarily started to desegregate. Ben West played a huge part in turing point of the Civil Rights Movement. Since he was a political figure and full of knowledge the community listened to the view points he shared. WIthout him the community would have not changed their view point on desegregation. 

EXploration Four: Research paper By SAID DIRIYE

Members of the Black Panthers armed.

A Genral view of the Black Panthers is that they were a civil activist group that fought in civil right movents in the 60s. The founder of this Pary was named Bobby seale and the co-founder was David Hilliard. These outlaws that were fighting inorder to gain their freedom. They were under the infuleunce of a former slave Booker T. Washtington, who recently in his era had created such as gang to fight the whites  for black slaves. The Panthers were doing to the same where they have been  fighting such a people like the KKK or some other mombsters around the nation. What where doing might be illigal but from the their prespective they were the right thing.
One thing that I found out in this research was the Black Panthers was not doing Non-violence like the freedom riders but these mobmester were armed the fighting back with violence. As a tradtion the black would cause trouble or distrubt the peace and the cops would tell them to line up and burtally beat them but for Panthers that was not the case. They possessed  guns and other weapons for battles just in case. Suprisengly Malcom X was one the members till he killed and the FbI lead by Edgar Hoover one time consider the Black Panthers National hight security threat.

Jenna Steward - John Lewis

John Lewis was born February 21th 1940. He went to Fisk University and received a bachelor degree in religion philosophy. Lewis was the chairman for the SNCC (student non-violent coordinating committee) he organized lunch sit-ins in Nashville, bus boycotts and non violent protests. In 1961 he joined the freedom riders he is one of the original 13. He was taken to jail with them and beaten. He was arrested 24 times total for the struggle of equal justice. Then in 1964 he planned the SNCC to go to Mississippi to help protest for black voters.Today he is the U.S Representative for Georgia's 5th congressional district.

 John Lewis has come very far in his life from being one of the students who were beatin badly is protest to a U.S representative. He has made a lot of accomplishments in his life but the two that stood out to me was he helped plan the Washington march in August of 1963 for the famous I Have A Dream speech, He was the youngest speaker that day at age 23. I think that takes a lot for a young black man in that time to stand up in front of all those people and speak. Today he is unfortunately one of the last people still alive who spoke that day. On March 7th 1965 was a day known as Bloody Sunday. John Lewis and Hosea Williams led over 600 marches across the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma Alabama. At the end of the bridge state troopers where there waiting on them, they stopped at first to all pray then continued toward the troopers. The police started letting out tear gas and beating them with night sticks. John Lewis was beaten and had his skull fractured. He luckily got away but unfortunately he still has scars noticeable to this day on his head from being beaten. I think John Lewis was a great civil rights leader, for him to be a leader at age 21 to organizing everything to be beaten and put in jail and still be non violent towards the whites.

Colton Kuepfer research on James Farmer Jr.

James Farmer Jr. was born on January 12, 1920, in Marshall, Texas.   In 1942, James Farmer co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality, which later became the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).  He started CORE which is an organization that tries to bring an end to segregation in the country through nonviolence. He is considered along with Dr. Martin Luther King, Whitney Young, Roy Wilkins and John Lewis one of the principal leaders of the Civil Rights movement.

CORE organized sit-ins and Freedom Rides. Mr. Farmer just didn't sit in an office he also risked his life in several demonstrations. For example in 1963, Louisiana state troopers armed with guns, cattle prods and tear gas, hunted him door to door when he was trying to organize protests in a town. He was an inspirational leader to the country and he was a huge part of the civil rights movement even though he is not as publicized as Dr. Martin Luther King.

For More Information About James Farmer Jr. Visit:  CORE Website
James L. Farmer Jr.
Z. Alexander Looby

Zephaniah Alexander Looby, was born in Antigua, British West Indies, on April 8, 1899. After the death of his father, young Looby departed for the United States, arriving by 1914. Looby received a bachelor's degree from Howard University, a Bachelor of Law degree from Columbia University, and a Doctor of Juristic Science from New York University. He helped to found the Kent College of Law, Nashville's first law school for blacks since the old Central Tennessee College's department of law. When the Negro civil rights movements of World War Two began, Looby became the local leader.

During the sit-in demonstrations and civil rights marches of the 1960s, Looby and other black attorneys provided money and legal services for local college students who were arrested and jailed. On April 19, 1960, his Meharry Boulevard home was destroyed by dynamite. In 1962, he ran for a seat on the Tennessee Supreme Court but lost. He retired after serving on the old city council and the new Metropolitan Council for a combined total of twenty years. He died on March 24, 1972. His contributions to Afro-American Nashville are recognized in the Z. Alexander Looby Library and Community Center on Metro Center Boulevard.

I found it interesting that Z. Alexander Looby recieved many degrees from multiple different University's and then further went to fund the Kent College of Law. I see it as a miracle that he survived the bombing of his house by the KKK, and agree that his contributions to the African- American culture should be recognized.

One site I found useful information was

SNCC: Cassandra Zahran

SNCC: Student Non-Violent Coordinating Commitee

SNCC began in the 1960's when a few student from Shaw University gathered to discuss the unfair treatment the African Americans received at this time. The organization slowly grew and later played a major role in the coordinating of the freeedom rides and the sit-ins, legendary peaceful protests.

Four African American students attending school in North Carolina walked into a "White's Only" cafe, sat down, peacefully ate lunch, and remained till the store closed that evening. These protests only started with a few student making blunt, peaceful statements that could've (and in some cases did) cost their life.

"You can never tell when a spark will light a fire."
Standing for their SNCC reeled-in thousands of younger protesters and involved 80 other southern cities. In the year of 1965, SNCC was the largest organization in the south.
These protests were student-led. Such a drastic movement in history could not have had a chance if it weren't for the devoted students who were desperate to make a change.

I found it interesting and pleasent that Elenore Roosevelt gave SNCC their first check, $100, to support their organization and existance. SNCC began to find connections in the southern states and cities, embraced by many locals from the community. Fannie Lou Hamer was an iconic speaker during the civil rights, and aided the SNCC and their organization. SNCC was renown for their ability to utilize their 'grassroots.' It was very importnant because while fighting against adversity, SNCC, well deservingly, needed all the support to change history.

In honor of MLK day, SNCC members discussed the Civil Rights during the 1960's, and shared their influential stories:

Civil Rights Anthony

Back in the 1940, people were basically jerks, at least to blacks. The white people of America were given the best the society had to offer while the blacks were forced to live like they were second rate. So, in an attempt to fight back against this injustice, college students, along with clergy, teachers, artists, journalists, housewives, civil rights activists, and many others, came together to nonviolently protest. They called themselves the Freedom Riders.
Now, contrary to popular belief, the Freedom Riders were a type of group the was not just blacks. They had white members as well, young and old. Driving in a bus, the roamed the US, going into public diner and the like and just sitting quietly down at the tables, even though they were in a white only area. If someone tried to arrest them, they would have many more members to take their place at the tables, so it would be like trying to hold back a river. Sadly, some didn't like the Freedom Riders, to the point where they were willing to kill them. For instance, in Anniston, Alabama, the Freedom Riders' bus was firebombed and the passengers were beatened. However, even when they were in jail, even when their very lives were at stake, the Freedom Riders would not stop doing what they were doing. There persistence eventually caused to President Kennedy to ban segregation in interstate travel and made them a model for all free rights groups to follow by.

Mike's post to show picture and link feature

If I was writing on Bull Connor, I'd introduce and overview who he was in this paragraph.

In the next, I'd share two main things I took away from my research and that I think are important.  I'd explain why.

I would put a picture in here like this. 

I would include a link to a source I used, like this.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Clint Difatta

The film Eyes on the Prize was extremely moving. Many of the ideas presented to us in this film have been pounded into our heads since a young age. I believe that these ideas took life when they are displayed through film. Many of the people and events gained a face and a voice in my mind. Many things can be learned from this movement. I think communication is a huge lesson to be learned, it seemed all though there were many people willing to discuss the situation and work toward a eventual goal, many people that had little to no stake in the matter stood in their way. I was most surprised by the comments of mayor Ben West when he stated, "They asked me some pretty soul searching questions, and one that was addressed to me as a man, and I tried as best I could to answer it, frankly and honestly, that I could not agree it was morally right for someone to sell them merchandise and refuse them service". This quote stuck out to me because this was the first time I witnessed an opposing party take a step. He was asked "as a man" how he felt. To me this means more since he repeated this himself. 

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

EXP3: An Era to be Recognized

"I'm a fighter, and we'll continue to fight, i'm not sure i'll be able to… But we're gonna keep coming until we can ride any place in the south." Jim Zwerg was resting in his hospital bed as he confidently, yet painfully, delivered this statement. 

The fact that anyone had to utter that statement is baffling. It's easy for us to forget that there was a time in history where brutality towards a specific race was accepted, better yet encouraged. When glancing back at the civil rights movement, there are a few things that surface first: Rosa Parks, The Freedom Riders, riots and violence, Plessy vs Fergeson and the eternally recognized Martin Luther King Jr. The amount of courage, determination and pacifism that these individuals displayed is un-fathomable. To think that some of our biggest problems were to be "accepted" in high school,  african americans couldn't even participate in the simple joys of life without harassment. All of the footage really stood out to me because it put all of my knowledge into a visual display. The way that the Freedom Writers had to remain calm and resist the violence of the tyrannical bunch, was an incredible lesson. It was such a drastic change that had to be made, despite the fact lives were at stake, the civil rights era embodies a movement that could  never be compared to (and thankfully, will never have to be).

exploration 3

It was sad to watch such a movie but i think its good to watch movies like this, because it gave us an image from back in days and how mean people were to others. it was a lot of sad parts in the movie but i believe the worst part  was when four black students sat down with the white students and got beat up for nothing and also when Martin Luther king went to jail. What can be learn from the movement is everyone has to believe that they can make a change by working together as a group and believing one another. one of my favorite quotes in the movie was when the mayor said "he does not believe that black people should be discriminated". i believe that was the turning point for the black people and the movement.
          Hypocrisy or Democracy Exp:3

the movie we saw in class about freedom is an evidence that if few of our society can stand up for the common good and change the mentality of a whole nation to a democracy instead of hypocrisy, it can be only done by people just like me and u but, with a good intention. Someone who realizes that all men were created equal in every way. Someone who dreams big and at the end of the day his dream will be an anthem for the whole creation.
The Freedom Riders performed an important role and showed bravery. They were hunted but they had a mission that refused to spend a single moment with cowards and moving forward was the solution. A quote from the movie was that one of the Freedom Riders said," We are freedom Riders and we are willing to accept death."
At the end, let’s remember these were students who's intention was to see America as it is today. A country that all man, women, black, and white are equally and friendly. They did all this with the power of nonviolence strategy. they faced all that we have seen in the movie with love and they enemy become thier best friend at the end, cause you can't fight with some one who is nonviolent. i really learn alot from it and it will be a something that ill remember.

Expolration 3

The movie we watched at class was very insprig indeed to our generation of young adults in college our outside because this people who were called " the freedom riders" was our age. They showed the respect and dignity comes with freedom. In their peaceful demonstration they showed that if you dont have freedom it cost vaule that could be bought with currency. A good way to prove that braveness is when The white freedom rider called Jhon Zwerg was brutally beaten and said" we will continue the ride even if it means death is calling. The quote was shocking but it showed the have the guts and bravery that a brutal beaten will not make scared to not ride again. One thing that standed out the most in the movie was when the students sat in the white dining room and then they got in fight with whites. When they court the all got fined with 5o dollars for disturbing peace but one students choose to go to jail instead paying the money; and i thing that is where the title of movie come from" I Ain't Scared Your Jail".

Monday, January 21, 2013

Exploration 3

The Freedom riders movement most importantly shows us how to recognize injustice. We learn about our role as individuals, as well as the importance of organization, and it showed us that people, both black and white can unite in an equality struggle against their oppressors by making the right decisions.  For example, like acts of courage and conviction, and commitment by individuals or groups of people. The part that stood out to me was, even though the students didn’t appear to have power, they were able have a powerful effect. The fact that this movement pushed things against the advice of many of the civil rights leaders who thought they just didn't know what they were getting themselves into, but the riders had a deep conviction that they were making the right decision. A lot of times, I think we just wonder what we can do as individuals when there are powerful and personal forces that control our lives, and there's nothing we can really do. However, the Freedom Rides showed us that, that just isn’t always true if you are committed to a cause and you stand up for your rights and beliefs. 

I thought that a powerful moment was when James Zwerg, who was badly beaten said from his hospital bed:   "Segregation must be stopped. It must be broken down. Those of us on the Freedom Ride will continue. No matter what happens we are dedicated to this. We will take the beatings. We are willing to accept death. We are going to keep coming until we can ride anywhere in the South."  This was a moment that showed just how much conviction the Freedom Riders had for their cause.

Sunday, January 20, 2013

Exploration 3- Brandon Brown

One thing that really stood out for me in this film was that the activists preached nonviolence throughout the whole ordeal. I believe that this is one of the reasons why they were successful in the end, and it is one reason why the Civil Rights movement was so great. Back in the 1950s and 1960s, people were picking on African Americans for the smallest of reasons. So, if they would were to have used violence, that would have given the opposition that much more reasons to be violent in return, and it would have resulted in many unnessesary, unwanted deaths. I was shocked to see that even with people throwing punches and abusing them, they wouldn't give in. I remember one part during the film, where the men were sitting at the table where whites were supposed to sit, and the white men came in and started beating them, and they still wouldn't resort to violence. I believe that the nonviolent actions were, to me, the most suprising thing about this movement.

I believe that one thing that can be learned from this movement is that violence doesn't solve everything. I thought one of the most powerful moments in this video were when the large group of activists silently marched up to city hall and demanded to speak with Mayor West. When asked about whether or not we should be treating people with different skin color differently, he responded by saying, "I could not agree that it was morally right for someone to sell them merchandise and refuse them service [...] Had I to answer it again, I would have answered it in the same way again." I believe that this was one of the important turning points created by the activists because the city was becoming divided, and there was potential for something really bad to happen.

exploration 3

Williamson-Tri Minh Phan

English 1110.03 Mike Lohre

                                                                    Exploration 3
The Film Eyes on The Prize showed the perspective of the civil rights activist during the sit ins in Nashville Tennessee during the 1960. I viewed the film with respect towards the student activist who risked their safety for peaceful protest. the activist today can learn from these students who protested without using violence themselves. The protests held in the last couple years across the world end in violence. Peaceful protests can be effective as shown in the documentary. In the film the man with the eyepatch says that "We did what the supreme court and constitution said we had the right to do". although the local governing entities retaliated by their peaceful protests the federal powers confirmed they had the right to gather and protest peacefully. what really stands out to me in this film is the sheer willpower the students had not to defend themselves when police and white civilians begin to beat on them.

MLK's Most Important Tactic

I believe that the one thing that can be learned and applied from this movement is strength comes from numbers.  It is a lot easier to get someones attention with a crowd rather than an individual.  When the students held sit-ins they used a large amount of people so that others would take notice.  Also when people retaliated one person wouldn't be alone against a group of people.  When they organized the Freedom Rides both white and black people were involved in several states so the federal government had no choice but to take notice.  As said by John Lewis that was the goal of the Freedom Rides.

One thing that stood out to me was when the riders were attacked they refused to fight back.  Their policy was to remain non violent when approached with aggression.  Martin Luther King said "we will endure" in part of his speech, while the church he was in was circled by an angry mob.  When they were on the bus surrounded by clans that wanted to kill them they hopped off the bus and walked right into it.  If I were in their position I think that I would have fought back. 

Exploration 3

Well in my opinion, I think we can all learn many lessons from this film.  The main lesson I think to be learned is that if you want change; violence does not have to be an option, and use direct action.  The sit ins and the freedom ride through the south were carefully planned and practiced  and I think that they were much more effective to gain civil rights for African Americans then if they tried fighting back in violence.  Their tactics of using direct action really stands out because it would be so hard not to fight back when you believe in something so important. I think that if I were in their shoes I would never be able to keep my cool; if I was arrested for doing nothing or being beaten right when I got off a bus.  A quote I got from the movie I liked was, “youth can be a real force for change.”

Dr. King Response

The African-Americans up until this point of history had been treated like second class citizens. This movements was one of the greatest moments in the history of the United States, not just for what they were fighting, but because of how they fought. Throughout history people had violently fought to get what they believed to right; but when the African-Americans decided to fight. They decided to use non-violent actions, like sit-ins, bus rides, and marches. Through these actions, the people that were fighting were beaten very badly sometimes but still continued there non-violent ways. As they did these things, it showed the people on the other side that they were never going to stop the effort until they were given the same rights as everybody else. I thought one of the things the Mayor of Nashville said, "it all comes down to morals." I think this is when everybody throughout the South started to look at themselves in the mirror and think about what they really believe in. One thing to take away from this film was that you can provide change for the better without being violent and still make change happen.

Ain't scared of your jails

I learned form this movent that many people got hurt for standing what they beleive in. The black people were taught not to fight back and just take the pushiment.  They were deined sevrice food in a dinner. They did not do what the white people could do.  In total there were 69 sit-ins across The United States of America. In April 19 they killed their black leader. After this the people deciced to renite.  When kennedy was running for president the balck people choose him as a leader because he cared for the black people.  The black people decied to do someting. They were called Freedom Riders these were people that rode busses all across the united states and this brought together the black people.  The freedom riders were guared by the united states military helping the people to be safe. My quote was from the governor of Tennessee he took the side of the black people when he said " I had critism for it and would answer the same question again.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

MLK- Emily Peirano

This movement shows that overcoming our biggest obstacles is just not a dream, but a reality. All of these people fought for their biggest dreams, fears, and challenges. The demonstrators were young but fearless. They stood up for their rights and beliefs. The success of this movement came from the strength, positive attitude, and determination of the demonstrators. Often, many believe violence is the answer to speaking out and being heard. However, through these movements it proves that is not the case. Being nonviolent makes your voice even louder. As Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, "we are not afraid and we shall overcome." To be so strong at your weakest moment is something truly remarkable. To have such dignity and reverence at a time half the country is against you is something Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. did so well.

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Dr King Anthony Fernandez

No matter how many times I hear it, I still can't believe how mean we were to African Americans back in the day. While we are nowadays more towards Middle Eastern people, it's the African American revolution that rocked the world. I mean, those horrid white people formed a mob and surrounded the Freedom Writers in Nashville. What's worse, one of the people that got beat up the most was, himself, a white man. That is human cruelty in its most primal and dangerous form. I would think that the blacks should have stopped protesting or at the very least fought back. They did neither of those things. They just stood and took it. Sometimes, I wish I had the strength to do that. Maybe one day, I will.

Link to Ain't Scared of Your Jails video

Hello students, and here is the link to the video we watched today, just in case you want to refer to it and need a refresher.

I look forward to your responses here on the blog!

All my best,

Mike Lohre

Tuesday, January 15, 2013


 My name is Abdifatah Osman but people call me "Abdi" instead because they cant prenounce my name or whatever the reason might be. I have eight siblings, four boys and four girls. My favorite sports are soccer and basketball. I really enjoy playing soccer or watching it. My favorite soccer teams are Arsenal and Bayern munich. I also watch basketball and i am a Boston Celtics fun.

I have faced some challenges while i was writing my first poem. First i tried to make it rhyme but it was a lot of harder than the way i just did it. For me its hard to come up with great poem because its not something that i got use to it. Everything got change at the end and i came out with some ideas so i just  put it together. Finally it turned out way better than i was expecting it.

Abdifatah Osman
English 1110.03
Mike Lohre

Until We Meet Again

If I could see you again one moment
I would like to talk to you about them days we had together.
The great and wonderful times we had together
I will carry  and remember them for the rest of my life.
I remember it like it was yesterday, when I received a message from
A friend that says your friend just got shot and killed. I guess I never knew how
It felt to lose a friend like you until the day it happened.
I remember them days when we used to play basketball in the
Front yard all day. People always said all we do is just play basketball but nothing else.
They always talked about how we got the size and height to make to the NBA.
I guess I never became a man until I saw your face in the coffin.
It seemed like somebody just took all I had. You were everything to me and hopefully one day we will meet in heaven. I guess you were right when you used to say “be careful what you do because you never know what is going to happen tomorrow” and I cannot wait until we meet again.

Intro by Brandon Brown

I was born in Columbus, Ohio in 1993 and I've lived in central Ohio my entire life. I moved to Powell in 1999, when it was about half the size it is today. I've gone to Olentangy Schools since I was in kindergarten, went to high school at Olentangy Liberty. I love to play guitar, I have two electrics and one acoustic/electric. I tend to play anything from heavy metal, such as Metallica or Disturbed, but I also play much lighter stuff such as Led Zeppelin. I played football my freshman and senior years in high school, ran cross country my junior year, and ran track all four years. I love to watch football, baseball, and I used to love watching basketball when LeBron was in Cleveland. My favorite teams are Ohio State, the Cleveland Browns, the Cincinnati Reds and the Cleveland Cavaliers. I am also a fan of the Buffalo Sabres, but I really don't watch hockey too often.

When I was brainstorming my poem, the one thing that caught my eye was the sharing of an experience part. Recently I went on a trip to Destin, Florida where me and my two best friends had the best week of our lives. We are trying to make it an annual trip, and we can't stop thinking about it. Since it was on my mind, I picked it, and I decided to make as a tribute to both my friends, instead of picking just one. I was surprised by how quickly I wrote it (a little less than an hour), and that I didn't really have to make many changes. I didn't really know how it was gonna turn out, but I have done songwriting, so I figured it would be similar. I really wasn't gonna try to make it rhyme, but it just naturally came out like that. There is a lot of  inside stuff that only me and my friends my understand. Anyway, here it is:

Emerald green sea
White sand beach
The fun we had
That one great week

The three stooges
Troy once said
‘Cause we weren’t known
To use our heads

“What’s up Whataburger!”
And midnight pong
Volleyball girls
And Shaggy’s song

Ocean pissing
Away our cares
Two girls, a whale
And truth or dare

Young, dumb, drunk
We envy in vain
Now we’re too far
Away from our place

Everyday we’re closer
Six months to go
Wait like a stone
Since six months ago

Every time we meet
We cannot wait
To talk about Destin
A week so great